TRT and Fertility
5 minute read
In 30 seconds...
TRT alone reduces your fertility as your body shuts off signals to the testicles when exogenous testosterone is detected. Luckily HCG can be used to replicate one of those signals. This causes the testicles to continue working, producing semen, testosterone and staying at normal size. HMG is an even more potent fertility medicine which can be used in rare cases when HCG doesn’t help. Testing fertility on TRT is important. Optimale can provide HCG to appropriate men whilst on TRT to maintain fertility.
TRT and Fertility - the best of both worlds?
You may be thinking about starting TRT, but perhaps you want to have a family sometime in the near future? You may have heard that having TRT and fertility isn’t possible? But you want to sort all of these life-destroying symptoms and you also want a family when the time comes.
Before you lose hope and resign yourself to a life of grumpiness and depression – unable to have sexual relations, mounting stress and a growing midriff by the day – read ahead, is TRT as bad for fertility as you think? And if so, what can I do about it?
Low Testosterone Test
The ADAM questionnaire has been shown to have 88% sensitivity in testing for low testosterone.
But isn't Testosterone Good for Fertility?
Men with naturally low levels of testosterone have lower sperm counts and quality than men with normal or high testosterone.
So you would think that increasing your testosterone levels with TRT would improve fertility, right?
Unfortunately, it is not that simple. TRT and fertility do not usually go hand-in-hand. Whilst the level of testosterone present in the testes is important for sperm levels, this testosterone is produced by the body, and not replaceable by TRT.
Normally a man’s brain produces hormones called gonadotropin-releasing hormones (GnRH). These hormones tell the testes to make more testosterone, which is critical for a healthy sperm count.
When you’re getting testosterone replacement therapy, testosterone is added into the bloodstream from another source.
Your brain interprets this rise in testosterone levels as a sign that you now have enough testosterone. So it stops sending signals (LH and FSH) to the testes to make more testosterone.
But when your testes don’t make more testosterone, (because there is less LH and FSH being released by the pituitary gland) your sperm production also goes down.
This leads to a reduction in sperm quality and fertility.
Any testosterone which is added to your body (exogenous testosterone) will reduce fertility levels.
How can I maintain Fertility on Testosterone Replacement?
There are three options to help with fertility.
1. Try to get pregnant anyway!
Although TRT will likely reduce your sperm count it does not necessarily make you infertile. Many men find that they are still able to have babies whilst being on testosterone replacement therapy. (Don’t assume you don’t need contraception just because you are on TRT).
However, this is a risky solution because there is no guarantee you will remain fertile and in most cases TRT use will reduce your fertility if not used with other medications to prevent this.
2. Freeze your sperm and store it for when you want to have children
Not all men who start TRT are immediately thinking about having children. This option is a good safeguard that ensures fertility at a later date. However many men will be put off by the price involved with this option. For these men there is a third, effective option… (this option is still a good idea anyway).
3. Use HCG and/or HMG therapy to ensure continuous production of testosterone in the testes and therefore maintain fertility in most men
HCG has been shown to act as an LH (luteinizing hormone) analogue (acts in the body in the same way) which causes the body to produce testosterone again in the testes. This causes an increase in sperm production (can be helped further by HMG which replicates FSH) and also stimulates testicular growth.
There are many studies that support HCG’s use for improving male fertility in previously fertile men supplementing testosterone.
A study of 26 men who took HCG alongside injectable and transdermal testosterone maintained their fertility over greater than a year’s follow up.
In this 49 man study of men with azoospermia by Wenker et al (2015) 47 of the men had normal sperm counts by the end of the study with the 48th man reporting a documented pregnancy on follow up.
Kim et al (2012) found that HCG use maintained fertility even with concurrent testosterone administration.
Matsumoto et al (2009) studied 36 men with severe hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and found that HCG was effective at improving and maintaining fertility.
Bouloux et al(2002) studied 26 men with severe hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. They found that HCG was effective at returning sperm production.
Testosterone test kits
Order an at-home test kit to get started.
How can I test for fertility?
There are a few ways that men can get their fertility tested. One of the easiest and best value options is an at-home test which has been validated by the WHO.
This male fertility test can be done without any training, in about 15 minutes, without embarrassing visits to a clinic and from the comfort of your home.
How much does it cost to see if a man is fertile?
Our fertility tests cost only £39.99 and can be done safely and easily at home.
You can also visit specialist fertility clinics to have semen testing, but this can cost a lot of money.
Where can I get HCG in the UK?
HCG is commonly used in the USA alongside TRT to maintain a man’s fertility levels. However, in the UK it is much more difficult to find. It is mainly reserved for specialist TRT providers and cannot be found on the NHS.
At Optimale we can help suitable patients to achieve normal testosterone levels alongside great fertility at very competitive prices by using a combination of pioneering protocols, testosterone compounds and HCG.
TRT is an amazing treatment. For a long time, it was something that was only recommended to older men and those with very low levels due to its effect on fertility.
These men had to weigh up the benefits knowing that they may never be able to have children after starting treatment.
With new medications such as HCG, there are now options that men can use to ensure that they remain fertile whilst improving their chances of being able to have a family in the future.
Contact us to learn more about starting TRT and HCG.
For more information
Contact us for more information on low testosterone or TRT.
- Sharpe RM. Sperm counts and fertility in men: a rocky road ahead. Science & Society Series on Sex and Science. EMBO Rep. 2012;13(5):398-403. Published 2012 May 1.
- Matsumoto AM, Snyder PJ, Bhasin S, Martin K, Weber T, Winters S, Spratt D, Brentzel J, O’Dea L. Stimulation of spermatogenesis with recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone (follitropin alfa; GONAL-f): long-term treatment in azoospermic men with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Fertil Steril. 2009 Sep;92(3):979-990.
- Wenker EP, Dupree JM, Langille GM, Kovac J, Ramasamy R, Lamb D, Mills JN, Lipshultz LI. The Use of HCG-Based Combination Therapy for Recovery of Spermatogenesis after Testosterone Use. J Sex Med. 2015 Jun;12(6):1334-7.
- Coviello AD, Matsumoto AM, Bremner WJ, Herbst KL, Amory JK, Anawalt BD, Sutton PR, Wright WW, Brown TR, Yan X, Zirkin BR, Jarow JP. Low-dose human chorionic gonadotropin maintains intratesticular testosterone in normal men with testosterone-induced gonadotropin suppression. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 May;90(5):2595-602.
- Hsieh TC, Pastuszak AW, Hwang K, Lipshultz LI. Concomitant intramuscular human chorionic gonadotropin preserves spermatogenesis in men undergoing testosterone replacement therapy. J Urol. 2013 Feb;189(2):647-50.
- Kim ED, Crosnoe L, Bar-Chama N, Khera M, Lipshultz LI. The treatment of hypogonadism in men of reproductive age. Fertil Steril. 2013 Mar 1;99(3):718-24. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2012.10.052. Epub 2012 Dec 7. PMID: 23219010.
- Bouloux P, Warne DW, Loumaye E; FSH Study Group in Men’s Infertility. Efficacy and safety of recombinant human follicle-stimulating hormone in men with isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Fertil Steril. 2002 Feb;77(2):270-3. doi: 10.1016/s0015-0282(01)02973-9. PMID: 11821082.
5 minute read
Before and after TRT - How testosterone changed my life...
Benefits of TRTRead how you can benefit from TRT today. Improved mood, more energy, more muscle mass, clearer thinking and better sex drive. There are lots of benefits to be had!
Is TRT available in the UK?Testosterone Replacement Therapy - Everything you need to know about TRT, from treatment types to side effects...